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[名师建筑] 德国贝多芬音乐厅2009年竞赛方案(旧地块)扎哈·哈迪德(Zaha Hadid Architects)建筑设计案例

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zbmqngytrv 发表于 2017-2-18 15:44:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
 
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        项目概况:
建筑设计: 扎哈·哈迪德(Zaha Hadid Architects)
地址: 德国波恩市莱茵河畔
项目类型:竞赛方案(2009年)
备注:此为原计划地块上设计的方案,后来保留了该地块上的旧音乐厅,改为在旁边的一个较小地块上新建一座节庆剧院。扎哈·哈迪德关于最新地块的竞赛方案详见图站建筑案例之前发布的案例。http://www.treemode.com/case/other/299.html
项目简介:
新的贝多芬交响音乐厅如同一座灯塔,一个多孔多面的结晶体从大地上升起,漂浮在水面上,连接着城市和河畔。这个嵌入两个从外面不易察觉的表演空间的标志性建筑,在晚上,它却成为了“表演者”。
克服了之前的20世纪50年代老音乐厅所存在的局限性,新的音乐厅将城市与莱茵河连接起来,创造并丰富了这条伟大河流河畔的公共生活。
新的建筑如同从大地上长出,仿佛一个多孔多面的结晶体从地面升起,看起来就像是漂浮在水面上,同时呈现出了一个显眼的中庭,作为城市和河流的“莱茵门厅”。为访客创造了一个独特的令人兴奋的音乐和建筑的体验。
访客沿建筑四周环形而上,体验着一系列由平台、架高的门厅和室外台地所形成的人工景观。从波恩市内访问“莱茵门厅”的主要是通过一条长长的,倾斜的通道,或从一个台阶下到滨河走廊和河边的“冲刷地段”,该地段连接着市中心和莱茵河。
竞赛背景:
2020年,世界将迎来著名的音乐家贝多芬的诞辰250周年;2027年,则是贝多芬逝世200周年。为了迎接这些活动,在德国,人们计划在贝多芬的故乡波恩的莱茵河畔建造一座全新的音乐厅,又称为贝多芬节庆剧院(Beethoven Festspielhaus),以纪念和致敬这位对音乐发展有着深远影响的伟大音乐家,并推动贝多芬音乐遗产的不断传播。
目前,该音乐厅的建筑设计国际竞赛已评选出了最终入围的三个方案,这三个方案目前正在进一步的深化当中,并将在2015年通过经济评估等选出最终的实施方案。图站建筑案例将给大家带来此次竞赛的一些方案介绍,包括落选方案。
(本文贡献方:Zaha Hadid官网,treemode;组织:图站建筑案例)
        Linking city to river promenade, the new Beethoven Symphony Hall rises – a beacon of light, a porous multifaceted crystalline mass, growing out of earth, floating on water. This iconic structure, its two embedded performance spaces softly visible from without, becomes a ‘performer’ in its own right after dark.
Overcoming the inherent limitations of an earlier 1950s building, the new Beethoven Symphony Hall links city to Rhine promenade, creating and enriching public life besides this great river.
The new structure rises as a porous, multifaceted crystalline mass, growing out of earth, seeming to float on water – presenting a dramatic atrium, the ‘Rhine Foyer’ to both river and city. Welcoming and exciting visitors in anticipation of a unique musical and architectural experience.
Visitors circulate through and around the building at many levels, moving through an artificial landscape typified by terraces, elevated foyers and exterior plateaus. Primary access from Bonn is via a long, diagonal passage or ‘erosion’ connecting city centre to the Rhine Foyer, from which staircases descend to both promenade and river. Here, curved seating faces out over seasonal floating performance area as light descending from within the structure transforms the hall into a performer in its own right.
Within the building, inlays to the larger wooden symphonic hall mimic the resonance of a musical instrument; its formal counterpoint is a smaller recital chamber. Both spaces are effectively ‘wrapped’ within their own skins – both volumes are subtly visible through the exterior envelope – further enhancing the sensation that this is a natural arena formed by rock arrangements and erosions.
***competition
A House of Music
Ludwig van Beethoven’s work as a composer has left a deep and lasting mark on the world. He is considered the most famous composer of all time – a cultural treasure for Germany and the world. In 2020 the planet will celebrate Beethoven’s 250th birthday, and in 2027 the 200th anniversary of his death. On both occasions, the world’s eyes will be on Beethoven and his musical legacy. Germany will be the epicenter of the anniversary celebrations reverberating out into the world.
To anchor these momentous anniversary celebrations and help honor and celebrate Beethoven’s musical legacy into the distant future, a new world-class concert hall, a Festspielhaus, will be built on the banks of Beethoven’s beloved Rhine River in his hometown Bonn. In keeping with Beethoven’s status as a national cultural treasure, the privately-funded project is drawing on support from businesses, private citizens and institutions across Germany.
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