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[名师建筑] 英国牛津大学中东文化中心Investcorp大楼(扩建)(The Investcorp Building)Zaha Hadid Architects建筑设计案例

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x6m53658ij 发表于 2017-2-18 16:15:33 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
 
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        地下室平面
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        入口层平面
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        一层平面
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        二层平面
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        剖面
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        剖面
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        细部
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        细部
        项目概况:
建筑设计:Zaha Hadid Architects
地址:英国,牛津大学圣安东尼学院(Saint Antony\'s College, University of Oxford, Saint Antony\'s College, Woodstock Road, Oxford, Oxfordshire OX2 6JF, UK)
主持建筑师:扎哈·哈迪德(Zaha Hadid)
面积:1127.0平方米
时间:2015
照片版权:Luke Hayes
项目简介:
牛津大学圣安东尼学院的中东文化中心始于1957年,作为研究19世纪至今,包括伊朗、以色列、土耳其在内的广义的阿拉伯世界以及毗邻地区的人文与社会科学。除了教学空间外,中心也收藏了许多有意义的书籍档案等。由于近几年学生人数增加,空间不足,扩建需求日益严峻。
扩建项目请来建筑师Zaha Hadid,对于中东文化中心而言,Zaha Hadid是这个项目最理想的人选,因为她出生于中东国家伊拉克,而后在英国开始学习建筑。中东中心表示:“这一点恰好与我们对牛津大学中东中心的愿景——位于英国但植根于当地的卓越中心——是类似的。”
要在校园现有的这些受到保护的历史建筑群之间置入一个新的量体,Zaha Hadid仍旧不改他的大胆前卫。建筑是一座有着不锈钢的外墙以及金属桥樑式的建筑,在不破坏现存的受保护建筑格局及植物的状况下“穿梭”,塑造了一个的弧形表面的悬浮连接物。该建筑被称做“investcorp大楼”。
图书馆阅读室西面的弯曲形式,避开了一个上百年的老红杉树和其广泛的根分布状况;排水系统安装在基础底板之下,以确保树木能接收到足够的水份。
建筑坐落在下沉式庭院的上方,内部容纳了一座阅览室、一座图书馆、储存空间和一个117座的讲演厅,除了增加了中东中心的图书馆和档案馆一倍的可用空间,还为之前收藏在别处的收藏品提供保护和适宜的环境条件。
虽然建筑被英国CABE(建筑及建成环境委员会Commission for Architectureand the Built Environment)批评为“笨拙不堪,而且和其周边建筑格格不入”,而Zaha Hadid的解释则是,“在校园现有建筑群中,该项目保持着一种超脱的个性,同时允许它们被解读成分离的元素,让一个现代建筑介入,覆盖旧的气息,关注当下与未来学院和城市的发展。”
(中文为简介)
项目其它信息:
Project Director : Jim Heverin
Project Associates: Johannes Hoffmann; Ken Bostock
Project Architect: Alex Bilton
Zha Project Team : Sara Klomps; Goswin Rothenthal; Andy Summers; George King; Luke Bowler; Barbara Bochnak; Yeena Yoon; Saleem A Jalil; Theodora Ntatsopoulou; Mireira Sala Font; Amita Kulkarni
Structural Engineer: AKTII
Mechanical/Electrical/Acoustic Engineer: Max Fordham
Facade Supplier: Frener + Reifer
Facade Consultants: Arup Facade Engineering
Contractor: BAM
Lighting Design: Arup Lighting
Cost Consultants: Sense Cost Ltd.
Fire Engineers: Arup Fire
Planning Supervision: Jppc Oxford
Forestry & Arboriculture Consultant: Sarah Venner
Access: David Bonnet
Landscape Design: Gross Max
Cdm: Andrew Goddard Associates
Visualisation: Cityscape
(本文贡献方:archdaily,archicake daily;组织:图站建筑案例)
        From the architect. Founded in 1957, the Middle East Centre at St Antony’s College serves as the University of Oxford’s facility for research and teaching on the Arab world, Iran, Israel and Turkey from the 19 century to the present day, with its focus on the research of humanities and social sciences. The centre has been housed at 68 Woodstock Road (the former rectory of the Church of St Philip and St James, built in 1887) since 1978.
The Middle East Centre holds Oxford University’s primary collection on the modern Middle East, a world-class archive of private papers and historic photographs used by scholars and researchers with an interest in the region. The centre’s research core is the specialised library, document and photographic archive covering material from the 1800’s onwards. The archive was set up in 1961 and has grown to over 400 collections of private papers and holds more than 100,000 historic photographs.
The new Investcorp Building for the Middle East Centre provides 1,127 square metres of additional floor space and a new 117-seat lecture theatre; doubling the space available for the Middle East Centre’s expanding library & archive, and providing optimum conditions to conserve and manage the centre’s collections that were previously stored in the basement of 66 Woodstock Road.
As an integral part of the college’s on-going expansion plans, the Investcorp Building incorporates essential new facilities to meet the Middle East Centre’s increasing demand for research and academic activities. The need to expand the teaching space at the centre has become increasingly acute with student numbers growing dramatically in recent years, including many additional masters’ students and doctoral candidates.
The new lecture theatre will allow the Middle East Centre to expand its popular programme of seminars, lectures and debates – much of which is open to both the University and the general public.
The Invescorp Building complements the college’s ongoing development. Its design weaves through the restricted site at St Antony’s College to connect and incorporate the existing protected buildings and trees; while its stainless steel facade softly reflects natural light to echo the building’s context.
The building integrates new academic and research facilities within a design defined by the existing built and natural environment of the college. The project maintains the detached character of the college’s current buildings, allowing them to be read as separate elements, while introducing a contemporary building that conveys the past, present and future evolution of the college, university and city.
To the west, the project’s scale defers to the existing buildings of 66 & 68 Woodstock Road. The curved form of library reading room’s western facade accommodates the century-old Sequoia tree and its extensive root network; while a drainage system has been installed below the foundation slabs to ensure the tree receives enough moisture. To the east, the archive reading room and librarians’ offices rise towards the height of the 1970 brutalist Hilda Besse Building it faces, yet the new Investcorp Building remains below the roofline of the adjacent 66 Woodstock Road.
The 117-seat lecture theatre is located below ground and is ventilated through a thermal labyrinth. A similar labyrinth exists beneath the library archive room to achieve the essential environmental controls and mitigate the need for mechanical air-handling. A ground source heat pump provides active ground coupling controlled for both temperature and humidity, creating a secure environment to conserve the centre’s renowned collection.
The work of the Middle East Centre contributes to the global discourse and greater understanding of the region. The new Investcorp Building connects disparate buildings within the college, defining a series of spaces for the centre’s renowned archive, library and seminar programmes; allowing the Middle East Centre to expand its commitment as a vital forum of research, understanding and open debate.
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