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[名师建筑] 阿斯彭艺术博物馆(Aspen Art Museum)坂茂建筑设计案例

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谷梁春燕 发表于 2017-2-18 16:18:18 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
 
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        项目概况:
建筑设计: Shigeru Ban Architects
位置: 637 East Hyman Avenue, Aspen, CO 81611, USA
面积: 33000.0 ft2
完成时间: 2014
照片版权: Michael Moran / OTTO, Derek Skalko
项目简介:
由普利兹克建筑奖获奖者坂茂(Shigeru Ban)设计的美国阿斯彭艺术博物馆(Aspen Art Museum)于8月9日正式对外开放,目前,该博物馆完工的图片已经对外放出。在新建筑修建期间,这座博物馆目前的场馆还将继续运营。近期该博物馆正在进行一系列大型活动,以纪念项目的竣工,最近刚刚举行过的盛大的剪彩仪式,邀请了许多著名的建筑师到场出席。
这座博物馆面积为33,000平方英尺,坐落在阿斯彭(aspen)的市中心,内含各种各样展览区域,雕塑园,教室,书店、博物馆商店,咖啡厅,办公空间和艺术品存储室等。场馆外墙是由木栅栏编织的可渗透进自然光照的外围幕墙与一层玻璃建造。该建筑内有17500平方英尺的画廊,相当于为各个组织提供了三倍于展览空间的区域面积。一座屋顶室外雕塑园与展示画廊相辅相成,由大面的落地玻璃推拉门隔开,当所有推拉门打开后,室内室外也能连成一体,让参观者也可以欣赏到附近的滑雪山的美景,使得参观空间更加广阔。今年是博物馆官方成立第35周年,全年都将免费对外开放。
在评价设计新的阿斯彭艺术博物馆的过程的时候,建筑设计师坂茂(shigeru ban)说道:“我在设计该项目的时候结合了附近的雪山美景与建筑的用途,考虑到一个参观者的游览顺序问题,并将此作为我设计中的主要理念。首先,为了使参观者对阿斯彭艺术博物馆(Aspen Art Museum)有绝佳的第一印象,我将入口大厅建造在屋顶上,令参观者就像去滑雪一样,首先从山顶开始欣赏美丽的景色,然后再慢慢向下滑。木材和玻璃结构突出五个关键设计元素。首先是位于三楼的一段巨大的楼梯;第二个关键的设计元素是“移动房”,也被称为玻璃接待梯,外部的木制栅栏是第三个关键元素,第四个关键元素模拟了外部栅栏,覆盖了顶层50%的建筑面积,“适合步行”天窗是第五个,也是我所强调的最后一个元素,可使自然普照二楼的主画廊。总结来说,就是通过这样一个结合了自然的参观顺序,来最到位的展示出博物馆的魅力。”
(英文图文:archdaily,翻译:designboom)
        From the architect. Located on the corner of South Spring Street and East Hyman Avenue in Aspen’s downtown core, the new AAM is Shigeru Ban’s first permanent U.S. museum to be constructed. Ban’s vision for the new AAM is based on transparency and open view planes—inviting those outside to engage with the building’s interior, and providing those inside the opportunity to see their exterior surroundings.
The main entrance is located on the north side of the building along East Hyman Avenue, which allows access to the reception area and two ground-floor galleries. From there, visitors may choose their path through museum spaces—ascending to upper levels either via Ban’s Moving Room glass elevator in the northeast corner, or the Grand Stair on the east side. The Grand Stair—a three-level passageway between the building’s woven exterior screen and its interior structure—is intersected by a glass wall dividing it into a ten-foot-wide exterior space and a six-foot-wide interior space. The unique passage allows for the natural blending of outdoor and indoor spaces, and will also feature mobile pedestals for exhibiting art. The exterior Woven Wood Screen is made of the composite material Prodema—an amalgam of paper and resin encased within a dual-sided wood veneer.
From the roof-deck sculpture garden, visitors will enjoy unparalleled vistas of Aspen’s environment and the only unobstructed public rooftop view of Ajax Mountain. The roof deck will also be an activated exhibition and event space featuring the cafe?, So, a bar, and an outdoor screening space.
Other new AAM amenities include an education space, the AAM shop/bookstore, and an on-site artist apartment, as well as art storage and preparation spaces. The AAM Shop is collaborating with New York’s iconic nonprofit art bookseller Printed Matter to feature artist-produced titles alongside its own AAM imprint publications, as well as featuring a number of unique and collectible artist-edition offerings.
In recent years, the AAM’s annual attendance has increased by 110%, its staff tripled, and the institution has seen the number of students served by museum educational programming skyrocket with a 1,140% increase. A longstanding strategic goal for the AAM—the expansion of its facility and relocation to the downtown Aspen core—became a necessity.
In 2007, the AAM appointed an Architect Selection Committee (which included ASC chair and then-acting Secretary of AAM’s Board of Trustees, the late Frances Dittmer; 2007 AAM Board of Trustees President Nancy Magoon and AAM Board members Larry Marx and Gayle Stoffel; and AAM National Council members Stefan T. Edlis and Diane Halle), who unanimously selected Shigeru Ban (Shigeru Ban Architects) for the project.
In August 2010, the AAM moved forward with the acquisition of property at the corner of South Spring Street and East Hyman Avenue. A groundbreaking event was held on the new site on “Aspen’s Day” 8/16/11, and construction began in October 2012, with international construction team Turner Construction in the leading role, and a goal of completion established for summer 2014.
Construction of the new AAM facility and its endowment is 100% privately funded, with overall Capital and Endowment pledges of nearly $70 million raised—$45 million in building project funds and $25 million for the museum’s endowment.
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