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[名师建筑] 日本武藏野美术大学美术馆及图书馆(Musashino Art University Museum & Library)藤本壮介(Sou Fujimoto

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6gk424cr71 发表于 2017-2-18 16:19:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
 
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        项目概况:
建筑设计:Sou FujimotoArchitects
主持建筑师:藤本壮介
地址:日本东京(Tokyo, Japan)
业主:Musashino Art University
设计时间:2007-2009
完工时间:2010
建筑面积: 2,883.18 平方米
照片版权:Daici Ano
<a href="http://https://www.vimeo.com/21702196" rel="nofollow" target="_blank">该项目有在线视频,点击跳转到 VIMEO 查看(访谈)
项目官网
项目简介:
武藏野美术大学美术馆·图书馆(Musashino Art University Museum & Library)是一座两层建筑,藏书有20万册,由新建成的图书馆和翻新的画廊组成,新馆由日本青年建筑师藤本壮介(Sou Fujimoto)设计,书架是其主要的设计元素。整栋建筑感觉完全是由书架搭起来,这些书架和天花板一样高,在平面上按螺旋线形状布置,形成了类似迷宫的空间效果,这种效果让人有一种探索的冲动,越发产生对知识无限的渴望。
以下说明来自藤本壮介:
这是为日本杰出艺术大学而做的新建加翻新式的综合体项目。它包括两个部分,一个是新建一个图书馆,另一个是把现存老建筑翻新成美术馆。这两个部分最终完美融合。
这个新建的两层图书馆总藏书达20万部,其中,可供开架借阅和闭架存档的图书各占10万册,共同收纳在这个建筑面积6500平方米的巨大的方舟里。
图书馆由书架构成
当我思索何为图书馆的灵魂时,眼前浮现的基本元素是书,书架,光和空间。
我想象着一块地,它仅仅被书架以陀螺的形式盘旋围绕。这个被无限盘旋的空间就是图书馆。同时,它又像一片森林,无穷无尽的书从9米高的木格子架中长出来。
盘旋延展的书架最终将整块用地围合起来,直接作为建筑外墙使用。这样,建筑的外观即呈现出这些来自大自然的基本元素——书架。整个图书馆就像一个巨大的书架扎根在森林中。
美丽的大学校园中惊现这个巨型书架的时候,人们立刻意识到:它是一座图书馆!人们震惊于它梦幻般的简朴,这是最像图书馆的图书馆,这是最简洁的图书馆!
检索和探索
检索和探索是图书馆设计中两个固有的矛盾。
检索,顾名思义,是为了方便找到特定的某本书而做的系统性的空间规划。即使是在谷歌时代,搜索程序的设计,也是从图书馆书籍的排序和分类中获取经验。
与检索相反的概念是探索。读者在图书馆畅游的重要意义也在于发现各种未知的空间。山穷水尽疑无路,柳暗花明又一村的体验会给读者带来别样的灵感。
要想使这两个概念在这所建筑中完美结合,所用到的空间布局逻辑,不是仅仅应用系统学就能解决的。
在这里,两个看似对立的概念通过螺旋体布局模式得以共存。这个模式涵盖了旋转路线和径向路线两种运动模式。旋转路线实现了检索性;径向路线是以孔洞的形式,从中心向外环打通了多条射线,这一层层的不同类目层面则实现了探索性。
人们可以意识到图书馆的整体性,又会觉得置身其中,处处有未知的惊喜。
(本文贡献方:archdaily,yeeyan;组织:图站建筑案例)
        The following information is from Sou Fujimoto:
This project is a new library for one of the distinguished art universities in Japan. It involves designing a new library building and refurbishing the existing building into an art gallery, which will ultimately create a new integration of the Library and the Art Gallery.
The project described hereinafter is the plan of the new library which sits within the first phase of the total development.
Acting as a huge ark, a total of 200,000 units, of which 100,000 will be out in an open-archive, while the other half within closed-archive, rests within this double-storey library of 6,500 ㎡ in floor area.
Library made from bookshelves
When I thought of the elements which compose an ultimate library, they became books, bookshelves, light and the place.
I imagined a place encircled by a single bookshelf in the form of a spiral. The domain encased within the infinite spiral itself is the library. Infinite forest of books is created from layering of 9m high walls punctuated by large apertures.
This spiral sequence of the bookshelf continues to eventually wrap the periphery of the site as the external wall, allowing the external appearance of the building to share the same elemental composition of the bookshelf-as-the-library.
One’s encounter with the colossally long bookshelf within the university landscape registers instantaneously as a library, yet astonishing in its dreamlike simplicity.
The library most library-like.
The simplest library.
Investigation and Exploration
Investigation and exploration are two apparent contradictions inherent in the design of libraries.
Investigation is, by definition, a systematic spatial arrangement for the purpose of finding specific books. Even in the age of Google, the experience of searching for books within the library is marked by the order and arrangement of the physical volume of books.
The opposing concept to Investigation is the notion of Exploration. The significance of library experience is also in discoveries the space engender to the users. One encounters the space as constantly renewed and transforming, discovers undefined relationships, and gains inspiration from unfamiliar fields.
To achieve the coexistence of the two concepts, spatial and configuration logics beyond mere systematics is employed.
Here, the two apparent contradictions inherent in libraries are allowed to coexist by the form of spiral possessing two antinomic movements of radial path and rotational movement. The rotational; polar configuration achieves investigation, and the numerous layers through the radial apertures engender the notion of Exploration through an infinite depth of books.
One can faintly recognise the entirety of library and at the same time imagine that there are unknown spaces which are rendered constantly imperceptible.
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