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[名师建筑] VT住宅(永恒之屋 house of the infinite)阿尔伯托·坎波·巴埃萨建筑设计案例

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uuaaohiiy9 发表于 2017-2-18 16:20:21 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式 打印 上一主题 下一主题
 
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        项目概况:
建筑设计:阿尔伯托·坎波·巴埃萨( Alberto Campo Baeza)
位置:西班牙加的斯城(Cádiz)
设计时间: 2012
完工时间: 2014
建筑面积: 900 平方米
项目简介:
我们在加的斯人间天堂般的神奇土地上修建了一座面朝无边大海的无限平面式居所。这是我们设计的最有特色的住宅。在大西洋水域边缘、新旧陆地相交的地方,一座石头平台横空跃起。所有来自地中海的船只都会经过这里,向着大西洋驶去。
这所住宅是伸向大海的码头,也是由顶部水平平面加冕的指挥台。在光滑裸露的巨大水平平面上,我们望向远方水天相接的地平线,欣赏夕阳西下的美景。这座无边沙地般的罗马洞石之屋面对着广阔无垠的大海。不多一分,也不差毫厘。
升起的平台结构宽20m、深36m,是住宅的主要生活空间。平台下方前12m的区域内是两层的建筑结构,与平台一起构成了整个居住空间。
为了扩大平台面积以更好地凸显平台元素,我们尽量将罗马洞石筑成的平台向后靠向道路。跨过高高的隔离墙,便会看到平台表面上的住宅入口—阶梯式的“壕沟”。
一位希腊诗人评价说这是真正的圣地,是集会之所,是神秘隐力、人类和上帝朝会的地方。
裸露的石头平台上环绕着三面墙壁,可以抵御当地盛行的强风。这些强劲的大风好似从Aeolus风神开口的风袋中逃离出来,又像是推动尤利西斯回归旅程的大风。
我们希望时间在此静止,更希望这座神圣的平台式建筑可以永驻人们心间。这是一座永恒之屋。
(本文贡献方:goood,Alberto Campo Baeza,archdaily;组织:图站建筑案例)
        On a marvelous place like a piece of earthly paradise, at Cádiz, we have built an infinite plane facing the infinite sea, the most radical house we have ever made. At the very edge of the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, where the sea unites the new and the old continent, emerges a stone platform. At the place where all the ships from the Mediterranean used to pass and still pass by as they head off into the Atlantic.
There we have erected a house as if it were a jetty facing out to sea. A house that is a podium crowned by an upper horizontal plane. On this resoundingly horizontal plane, bare and denuded, we face out to the distant horizon traced by the sea where the sun goes down. A horizontal plane on high built in stone, Roman travertine, as if it were sand, an infinite plane facing the infinite sea. Nothing more and nothing less.
To materialize this elevated horizontal plane, which is the main living room of the house, we built a large box with 20 meters of frontage and 36 meters deep. And under those first 12 meters we excavated two floors in the solid rock to develop the whole living space.
The Romans were there a handful of centuries ago. Bolonia, the ruins of the Roman fishing factories where they produced garum and built temples to their gods, is just a stone’s throw away. In their honor we have built our house, like an acropolis in stone, in roman travertine.
To give even greater force to the platform we incorporated all the terrain as far back as the entrance wall separating us from the street, also done in Roman travertine. Once inside the wall, the entrance to the house will be via a “trench” in the form of stairs dug into the upper surface of the platform.
A Greek poet said that this is a true temenos, a meeting-place, where according to mythology, humans and gods come together.
On the denuded stone platform, three walls surround us and protect us from the prevailing strong winds. Sometimes it is as if someone had opened the bag containing the winds of Aeolus. The same winds that drove on the vessel in which Ulysses made his journey home.
There is a lovely etching by Rembrandt from 1655, “Christ Presented before the People”, that has always fascinated me. In it, Rembrandt sketches a straight horizontal line. Perfectly straight and perfectly horizontal. It is the border of the powerful dais, the podium upon which the scene takes place. There, as Mies did so often, he has made the plane into a line. I am certain that Rembrandt and Mies would like our podium house, all podium, only podium. As would Adalberto Libera, who did the same thing when he built his Malaparte House in Capri. And we like it too. And when we look at our house from the beach, we will be reminded of all of them.
We wanted this house to be capable not only of making time stand still, but to remain in the minds and hearts of humankind.The house of the infinite.
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